Welcome to the Science subject page

The Science faculty at Al–Hijrah School consists of 5 teachers and 1 technician who work together to offer students learning experiences that will stimulate the natural curiosity we all have about ourselves and our world. We have 2 specially designed and well-resourced science labs. The science staff have a variety of backgrounds with different science subject specialisms and experience. What we all share is a passion for our subject and a desire to stretch the imaginations of the students as they develop both their knowledge and understanding of key scientific ideas.

We have high expectations for our students’ performance in external examinations, and we are proud of the excellent results they achieve, which are testament to the dedication and commitment of students, staff and the support from parents.


At Key Stage 3 all students follow the latest National Curriculum through a series of subject-based topics that incorporate the ideas and terminology of “How Science Works”.  Students are taught Science 3 lessons per week.

Click here for information on KS3 Science National Curriculum

Topics studied in Year 7



Chemistry Physics

Cells, tissues, organs and systems

Mixtures and separation


Sexual reproduction in animals

Acids and alkalis

Current electricity

Muscles and bones

The particle model


Ecosystems Atoms, elements and molecules


Topics studied in Year 8



Chemistry Physics

Food and nutrition



Plants and their reproduction

The periodic table


Breathing and respiration

Metals and their uses

Energy transfers
Unicellular organisms Rocks

Earth and space


Students are being assessed continually in lessons as they complete tasks and take part in individual or joint activities, and through homework to gauge their understanding and readiness to move on.

More formal tests and exams are carried out after each topic to monitor progress and inform our planning for the following topics.



Students are set in mixed ability groups in Years 7 and 8.  Work is always differentiated to tailor the needs of our more able students as well as those with special educational needs.

At the beginning of Year 9, students complete a baseline assessment which is used together with their KS3 assessment results to determine which GCSE course they will study from Year 9 and grouped accordingly.

KS4 Science

At Key Stage 4, we follow the latest Edexcel New Science curriculum from 2016 onwards.  We begin teaching this in year 9 so our pupils are fully equipped with the skills and understanding required to sit these linear exams at the end of Year 11.


Groupings & Assessment:

Year 9 – Students will either follow the Triple Science pathway where they will achieve 3 GCSE’s in Biology, Chemistry and Physics or they will follow the Combined Science route (includes Biology, Chemistry and Physics) achieving 2 GCSE’s at the end of Year 11.

Students will be given half termly assessments throughout the year to monitor and evaluate their performance.  There is some movement between the groupings to ensure each students’ needs are met.

Year 10 – Students will continue to follow either the Triple or Combined Science pathway.  They will be assessed through half termly exams as well as in classroom based tasks and homework to track their progress.  These assessments will then be used to inform the appropriate tiering (higher or foundation) that students will be sitting in their final GCSE exams. Note that:-

Higher tier (Triple or Combined) –  Highest grade = 9 (Grade A**)

  • Lowest possible grading = 4 (Grade C/D)

Foundation tier (Triple or Combined) –  Highest grade = 5 (Grade C/B)

  • Lowest possible grading = 1 (Grade G)


Year 11 – Based on performance throughout Years 9 & 10, Students will follow one of the following pathways:-

  1. GCSE Triple Science Higher tier (Grades 4-9)
  2. GCSE Triple Science Foundation tier (Grades 1-5)
  3. GCSE Combined Science Higher tier (Grades 4-9)
  4. GCSE Combined Science Foundation tier (Grades 1-5)
  5. Entry Level Certificate in Science (Below Grade 1)

Students will continue to be assessed through half termly assessments and classroom based tasks and homework to fully ensure that the pathway they are following is suitable for their ability.

All GCSE courses are sat in May/June in Year  11.  The course is 100% exam based and there are no controlled assessments in the new qualifications.  Students will do core practicals per science which are outlined in the specifications. 15% of marks in exam papers will be for knowledge, understanding and application of practical skills.

Click here for the Combined Science Specification

Click here for the Biology Specification

Click here for the Chemistry Specification

Click here for the Physics Specification

Topics Studied:-

Year 9 (Triple & Combined Science GCSE):





Key Concepts in Biology

States of Matter


Cells & Control

Methods of Separating & Purifying Substances

Motion & Forces


Atomic Structure

The Periodic Table


Year 10 (Triple & Combined Science GCSE):





Natural Selection & Genetic Modification

Ionic & Covalent Bonding, Types of Substance Conservation of Energy
Health, Disease & the Development of Medicines

Calculations Involving Masses


Acids & Alkalis

Light & the Electromagnetic Spectrum


Year 11 Triple Science GCSE:


Biology Chemistry Physics
Plant Structures & their Functions Electrolytic Processes,

Obtaining & Using Metals

Reversible Reactions & Equilibria

Transition Metals, Alloys & Corrosion



Animal Coordination, Control & Homeostasis Quantitative Analysis

Dynamic Equlibria

Calculations Involving Volumes of Gases

Chemical Cells & Fuel Cells



Exchange & Transport in Animals Groups in the Periodic Table

Rates of Reaction

Heat Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions

Energy – Forces Doing Work

Forces & their Effects

Ecosystems & Material Cycles Fuels

Earth & Atmospheric Science

Electricity & Circuits

Static Electricity


Alcohols & Carboxylic Acids


Magnetism & the Motor Effect

Electromagnetic Induction

Qualitative Analysis: Tests for Ions

Bulk & Surface Properties of Matter Including Nanoparticles

Particle Model

Forces & Matter


Year 11 Combined Science GCSE:


Biology Chemistry Physics
Plant Structures & their Functions Electrolytic Processes,

Obtaining & Using Metals

Reversible Reactions & Equilibria



Animal Coordination, Control & Homeostasis Groups in the Periodic Table

Rates of Reaction

Heat Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions

Energy – Forces Doing Work

Forces & their Effects

Exchange & Transport in Animals Fuels

Earth & Atmospheric Science

Electricity & Circuits


Ecosystems & Material Cycles Magnetism & the Motor Effect

Electromagnetic Induction

Particle Model

Forces & Matter

Entry Level Certificate in Science:

Students who do not meet the expected progress made in Year 10 will be transferred onto the Entry Level Certificate programme. Please note that this is not a GCSE course.  Students will follow the Combined Science pathway but will not sit the GCSE Combined Science exam.  They will be assessed through internal assessment materials based on the following content:


Paper no. Paper name Contents
1 Biology 1a Cells, genetics, inheritance and modification
2 Biology 1b Health, disease and the development of medicines
3 Chemistry 1a Atoms, compounds and states of matter
4 Chemistry 1b Separating mixtures, breaking down substances
5 Physics 1a Forces, movement and energy
6 Physics 1b Waves and radiation

Each paper is worth 25 marks – a total of 150 marks.

Depending on the marks, students can be awarded Entry level 1, 2 or 3.



Mininum total marks required



Below 30

Entry level 1


Entry level 2


Entry level 3



Extra–curricular Science

During the year, we try to offer various STEM opportunities to inspire and stretch the imaginations of our students beyond the curriculum, so we attend or organise a range of enrichment and enhancement activities and events. We take small groups to Science talks and competitions at Birmingham University and to the Big Bang fair in Birmingham. Other events are hosted in school with visiting presenters from the Midlands STEM network.

Career Options

The GCSE courses we offer at Al-Hijrah prepare students for a range of post-16 science courses including A levels in Biology, Chemistry and Physics and Applied Science, and science-linked vocational courses. The broad and balanced content of the GCSE courses provides a sound base of knowledge, and also the transferrable skills required by real scientists in their work and so highly regarded by employers in many fields. These include: an ability to approach problems in an analytical and logical way; an ability to work methodically and accurately; a high degree of numeracy; and the skill to communicate information effectively.

Studying science beyond GCSE gives students access to a wide variety of career opportunities, both in scientific industries and in scientific research in diverse areas including Medicine, Dentistry, Chemical Engineering, Forensics, Environmental Science, Genetics, Pharmacy, Physiotherapy, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Engineering, Biomedicine, Astronomy, Electronics, Environmental Health, Biophysics, Metallurgy, Food and Textiles science, Meteorology, Nursing, Education. Science graduates are also extremely attractive to employers in non-science fields because of their high levels of analytical skill, excellent problem-solving and decision-making, team work, data handling and computing which are relevant to a wide range of graduate careers.

If they do not intend studying science beyond GCSE, students will still find that for most A level courses, schools and colleges usually expect students to have a GCSE level science qualification along with English and Maths.

So whatever a student’s career plans – or if they are still undecided where their future lies – their science qualifications are important in securing their next steps in education or training after Al-Hijrah.

How Parents can Support

Parents are encouraged to work and support their children at home. They should engage in discussions with their children on the topics that they are working on as well as any homework they are asked to complete. Parents can use a variety of online resources to support their child, some are highlighted below:


Useful Websites:

  • BBC Bitesize– KS3 and KS4 Science
  • specifications, past papers, and key exam dates.
  • revision guides can be brought from school. Workbooks are given to students as part of their homework programme.


Abdul Rob Aziz (Head of Science)

Aneesa Simjee (Deputy Head of Science)

Junaid Sheikh (Science Teacher)

Naheem Khatma (Science Teacher)

Shazia Amer (Science Teacher)

Sandeep Kaur (Science Technician)